Saturday, August 18, 2012

اسئلة مختبرات - الهيئة الصحية بالسعودية للتدريب

1) The definitive host is an animal:
   1-Entamoeba histolitica
   2-Toxoplasma Gondii   cat
   3-Trypanosoma cruzi
   4-E.coli
   5- Giardia lamblia
2) One is not found (involve) in colorimetric:
   1- Cuvett
   2-light source
   3- Photo sensor and analyzer
   4-fule source
   5-Filter
3) The smallest molecular weight Ig is:
   1-IgG
   2-IgM
   3-IgD
   4-IgE
   5-IgA
4) Bacteria can cause pathogenesis to human by:
   1-Capsullar
   2-Secret enzymes
   3-Endogenous toxins
   4-Exogenous toxins
   5-All of the above
5) Neutrophil count is high in:
   1-Acute bacterial infection
   2- Iron deficiency anemia
   3-Megaloblastic anemia
6) One is not correctly paired:
1-      α- cells→ glucagon
2-      β- cells → insulin
3-      Parathyroid → calcium
4-      Corpus luteum  → Progesterone
5-      Estrogen → seminiferous tubules
7) Function of pili of the bacteria:
1- Attachment to the host tissue
2- Movement
3- Reproduction (multiplication)
4- Engulf of food
5- All of the above
8) Hb A2 is consisting of:
1- 3 ά chains and 2 γ chains
2- 2 ά chains and 2 β chains
3- 2 ά chains and 2 δ chains
4- 2 ά chains and 3 δ chains
5- 3 ά chains and 2 δ chains
9) The main (most) Hb found in adult is:
1-      Hb A
2-      Hb A2
3-      Hb F
10) Blood medium commonly used in blood bank:
1-      Citrate Phosphate Dextrose adenine (CPD-A)
2-      EDTA anticoagulant
3-      Heparin anticoagulant
4-      Saline alanin glucose maltose (SAGM)
11) Indirect anti-antibody test used to detect:
1-      Sensitized RBCs in patient blood
2-      IgG
3-      IgM    
4-      Sensitized antibody in patient serum
5-       Non of the above
12) Direct anti-antibody test used to detect:
1- Sensitized RBCs in patient blood
2-      IgG
3-      IgM
4-      Sensitized antibody in patient serum
5-      Non of the above
13) Anti-Human Immunoglubin is:
1-      Coombs reagent
2-      Anti-Ab
3-      IgG
4-      All of the above
5-      Non of the above
14) Rh-ve patient means he dose not have:
1-      E antigen
2-      D antigen
3-      B antigen
4-      C antigen
5-      Non of the above
15) Detection of malaria parasite is by:
1- Thick blood film
16) One is always non motile gram –ve rods:
1-Haemophilus Influenza
2-Shigella
3- E.coli
4- Salmonella
5- Borditella Pertusis
17) One is motile gram –ve rods:
1- Haemophilus Influenza
2- Bacillus anthracis
3- Pseudomonas aerogenes
4- Vibrio cholerae
5- Yersinia Pestis
18) One is gram +ve oval (cocci):
1- Bacillus anthracis
2- Meningococci
3- Pneumococci
19) A child diagnosis show scarlet fever the cause is:
1- Streptococcus Pyogenes
2- Staphylococci aureus
20) Xylose lysine Deoxycholate (XLD) is:
1- Selective media
2- Simple media
3- Differential media
4- Enriched media
5- Enrichment
21) Function of Thyroxin is:
1- Increase Oogenesis
2- Stimulate contraction of uterus
3- Increase basal metabolic
22) Increase in Thyroxin Stimulating Hormone (TSH) causes:
1- Cushing disease
2- Gigantism
2- Exophthalamic goiter
3- Hypoglycemia
23) Function of Estrogen:
1- Increase Oogenesis
2- Stimulate contraction of uterus
3- Increase basal metabolic
24) Infective stage of Entrobius Vermicularis is:
1- Larva
2- Cercaria
3- Egg
4- Cyst
5- Metacercaria
25) Infective stage of Taenia:
 1- Larva
2- Cercaria
3- Embryonated egg
4- Cyst
5- Metacercaria
26) Autoinfection of human can caused in case of:
1- Entrobius Vermicularis
2- Taenia Sp.
3- Anclystoma Dudenal
4- Ascaris Lumbercoidis
27) The leukocyte that involve in Adaptive and Acquired immunity:
1- Lymphocyte
2- Neutrophil
3- Monocyte
4- Basophile
5- Eosinophil
28) The atomic mass of an atom is the number of:
1- Protons and neutrons
2- Protons only
3- Neutrons only
4- Electrons
5- Non of the above
29) In case of obstructive jaundice one is commonly not found:
1- Total bilirubin is elevated
2- High bilirubin in urine
3- Direct bilirubin is within the normal
4- Dark color of urine
5- Clay color of stool

30) In case of Hemolytic jaundice one is not likely to be found:
1- Total bilirubin is elevated
2- High bilirubin in urine
3- No chaing in color of urine
4- Direct bilirubin is within the normal
5- Normal color of stool
31) One is not true about acid:
   1- Proton donor
   2- Turn litmus paper to blue
   3- Sour taste
   4- React with alkaline to give water and salt
   5- Non of the above
32) Pentose phosphate metabolism cycle is important to the cell because it give:
   1- Acetyl CoA
   2- ADP
   3- ATP
   4- NADH
   5- NADPH
33) Hydrolysis of sucrose result:
   1- Only glucose
   2- Galactose
   3- Fructose + glucose
   4- Glucose + Glucose
   5- Maltose + Glucose
34) One is not a Romanowsky stain:
   1- Fields stain
   2- Gram stain
   3- Geimsa stain
   4- Leishman stain
35) Romanowsky stain consists of:
   1- Eosin + Alkaline methylene blue
   2- Eosin only
   3- Methylene blue only
   4- Indian Ink
36) Deionization of impure water means:
   1- Boiling
   2- Filtration
   3- Exchange of protons and electrons
37) Iodine stain of Entamoeba cyst used to detect (diagnose):
   1- Chromatoidal bars
   2- Cell wall
   3- Nuclei
38) Hb A consists of:
   1- 2 ά chains and 2 δ chains
   2- 3 ά chains and 2 β chains
   3- 2 ά chains and 2 β chains
   4- 2 ά chains and 3 β chains
   5- 2 ά chains and 2 γ chains
39) Normal range of leukocyte is:
   1- 4-11 X 10^9

40) Diagnostic stage of Ascaris lumbericoidis:
   1- Finding of a typical fertilized egg in stool
41) Life span of red blood cells in the circulation (body):
   1- 80 days
   2- 120 day
   3- 130 day
   4- 20 day
   5- 7 days
42) Increase in growth hormone causes:
   1- Cushing disease
   2- Gigantism
   3- Exophthalamic goiter
   4- Hypoglycemia
43) If you see this sign (symbol) in the lab it means:
   1- Flammable
   2- Corrosive
   3- Oxidizing
   4- Explosive
   5- Toxic
44) Reticulocyte is immature:
   1- RBC
   2- WBC
   3- Platelet
45) Best sterilization of Nutrient media done by:
   1- Hot air oven
   2- Autoclaving
46) Most common method (technique) used to detect hormone amount in the laboratories:
   1- Spectrophotometry
   2- Enzyme Linked Immuno Surbant Assay (ELIZA)
47) Test should be kept away from light:
     1- Serum bilirubin
48) Immunoglobulin pregnancy test related to:
    1- IgG
    2- IgM
    3- Human chorionic Gonadotropin
49) Leukocyte responsible for cellular immunity:
   1- T-lymphocyte
   2- B- lymphocyte
   3- Monocyte
   4- Basophile
   5- Eosinophil
50) Buffer solution is:
   1- Chaing color when chaing pH
   2- Resist acidic pH
   3- Resist alkaline pH
   4- Weak acid + weak base
   5- Strong acid + weak base
51) An indicator is:
   1- Chaing color with chaing pH
   2- Resist acidic pH
   3- Resist alkaline pH
   4- Weak acid + weak base
   5- Strong acid + weak base
52) Target of prolactin in female:
   1- Ovary
   2- Mammary glands
53) Parasite can be detected in vaginal and urethral discharge:
   1- Trichomonas Vaginalis
54) Org. (bacteria) arranged in Chinese litters:
   1- Corynebacteria Diphtheria
   2- Bacillus anthraces
55) Malaria infection transmitted by:
   1- Male anopheles mosquito
   2- Female anopheles mosquito
56) Heparin is:
   1- Protein
   2- Enzyme
   3- Polysaccharide
   4- Oligosaccharide
   5- Non of the above
57) One stage prothrombin time used to detect (diagnose) disorders in:
   1- Extrinsic coagulation pathway (factors)
   2- Intrinsic coagulation pathway (factors)
58) Thrombin time is:
   1- Extrinsic coagulation pathway (factors)
   2- Intrinsic coagulation pathway (factors)
   3- The conversion of prothrombin to fibrinogen in         addition of thrombin
59) Confirmatory test of streptococcus pneumonia:
   1- Catalase
   2- Optochine disc
   3- Coagulase
   4- Bile insolubility
   5- Bacitracin
60) Most sever (serious) malaria infection caused by:
   1- Plasmodium Falcibarum
   2- Plasmodium Malaria
   3- Plasmodium Ovale
   4- Plasmodium Vivax
   5- All of the above
61) Parasite can cause fetal cerebral infection:
   1- Taenia
   2- Toxoplasma gondii
62) Gram +ve cocci arranged in groups (clusters):
   1- Streptococci
   2- Staphylococci
63) Non motile protozoa:
   1- E.coli
   2- Entamoeba Histolytica
   3- Trypanosoma cruzi
   4- Giardia lamblia
   5- Trichomonas vaginalis
64) One is always oxidase +ve
   1- Haemophilus Influenza
   2- Pseudomonas aurogenase
65) Leukocyte responsible for response to parasitic and allergic infection:
   1- Lymphocyte
   2- Nutrophile
   3- Monocyte
   4- Basophile
   5- Eosinophil




(2)

1-Blood of Microfilaria infection diagnostic with:
Wuchereria bancrofti
2-Oocyst benefited to diagnose:
 E.histolytica
E.coli
Toxoplasma gondii
Giaradia lamblia
Typanosoma cruzi
3-intracellular parasite:
 E.coli
Toxoplasma gondii
Giaradia lamblia
Typanosoma cruzi
Trichomonas vaginalis
4- An animal is a definitive host:
E.histolytica
E.coli
Toxoplasma gondii
Giaradia lamblia
Typanosoma cruzi
5-cosnider ketose:
Glucose
Fructose
Mannose
6- non motile protozoa:
E.histolytica
E.coli
Toxoplasma gondii
Giaradia lamblia
Typanosoma cruzi
7-cutaneous leishmaniasis transmitted by:
Phlebotomus sand fly

8-malaria transmitted by :
Female anopheline mospuito
Male anopheline mospuito
9- shistosoma hematobium diagnosis:
Egg in urine with terminal spine 
10-not find in the flam photometry :
Burner
Filter
Fuel source
Cuvete for sample
Photo
11-low effective sterilization with:
Ethyl  alcohol 70%
Methyl alcohol
chloroform
5%phenol
5% cresol
12-prolonged fast cause:
Hyperglycemia
Keton in urine
13-One is not correctly paired:
α- cells →glucagon
β- cells → insulin
Estrogen → seminiferous tubules
Corpus luteum  → Progesterone
Parathyroid → calcium
14- bacteria motile gram-rods:
Shigella
Bordetela pertusis
Pseudomonas aeruginoea
Yersenia pestis
15-presence one from this substance in urine detect abnormal codition;
Calcium
Phosphates
Glucose
Urates
16-hypersecretion of cortisol cuase:
Cushing disease
17-in cardiac infraction one of  the measurements is not benefited:
Creatinine
18-elevated in parasitic infection and allergy :
IgE
19- with romanowsky stain ,2-5 lobes and give violet or pinkish granules:
Nutrophile
Eiosinophile
Basophile
Monocyte
20-lense near the slid in light microscope :
Objective
Eye lenses
21-one of the following has highest conc. Of cholesterol:
Chylomicron
LDL
HDL
VLDL
Apolipoprtein 
22-hypersecretion of insulin cause:
Hypoglycemia
23-hyperglycemia hormone
Glucagon
24- B-lymphocyte after attack foreign bodies ,called
Plasma cell
25- technique used for detect Hormon amount:
ELIZA
26-does not sterile with hot air oven:
Dry glassware
Oil
Powder
Waxes
Rubber gloves

27-lymphocyte is  elevated in :
Viral infection
Acute bacterial infection
Iron deficiency anemia
Megaloblastic anemia
non of the above
28- The smallest molecular weight Ig is:
1-IgG
2-IgM
3-IgD
4-IgE
5-IgA
29-gram-v bacteria colonies  color :
Dark purple
Pale to dark red
Orange
30- bacteria need dark field to detect
T.pallidium
31-Autoclave sterilize in temp:
121ْc-20min
32-strict aerobe bacteria
Mycobacterium
33-citrate test assis :
Mycobacterias
Staph
Strept
Colistridia sp
34-nutrent agar:
Basic media
35- hypoparathyrodism hormone cause:
Elevated ca level
Decrease ca level
36-use O cell tube on lab for:
As control
To detect Ag
To detect Ab
37-all cause  false –v ABO blood grouping except
Too short incubation
38-prothrompin time detect:
Extrinsic pathway of coagulation
39-alkali skin burn treatment by neutralization with:
Sodium bicarbonate powder
Boric  acid
Acetic acid 1%
Cold water
Hot water
40-acid skin burn treatment by neutralization with:
Sodium bicarbonate powder
Boric  acid
Acetic acid 1%
Cold water
Hot water
41-store RBC at  -80ْc:
1year
1month
4 year
2 year
6year
42-deffenetial test for:
Leukocyte 
43- disease caused by pyogen stereptococcus:
Scarlet fever.
44- you do not take this stage for  tratment small cut In emergency :
Clean with soap and water
Do pressure with piece
Immediately rinse mouth well and water
Cover it with water dressing
Sterilize 

45- org cause bloody in stool:
Shigella sp.
46-sensitized Ab in serum detect by:
Indirect antiglublin test
47-thrombin time measure:
Convert fibrinogen to fibrin with  activate  of  thrombin
48- in presence of  clotting defect one of this not measure:
Leucocyte count
49-in Rh-v person , this Ag not found :
D-antigen
50-Z.N stain use for diagnose :
Mycobateria
51-media use for differentiate between L.F and N.L.F:
Maconky media
52-bleeding time  test detect the abnormality in :
Defect in vessels and platelets
53- Immature RBC that is normally presence in blood film:
Erythrocyte
54- erythrocyte is immature cell of:
RBC
55-S hemoglobin is the same defect of  thalassemia but the different is :
Long B chain
Glutamic acid on B chain is substituted with valine
 Glutamic acid on a chain is substitutes with valine
56- hormone that cause replication of RBC:
Erythropoietin
57- use for clean slide:
Ethyle alcohol
Methyle alcohol
58-oxytocine hormone function:
Contribtion of Uterus
59-regulation of calcium level in serum by:
Calcitonine hormone  only
 Parathyroid hormone only
Calcionine with parathyroid hormone
Vitamin D
PTH+Vitamin D+calcitonin
60-the defect of thalassemia occur in:
Cycle of heme
Glubin chain
61-Normal range of WBCs:
4000_11000
62-stain use for tuberculosis:
Lewis Jensen stain
63- pyrimidin base:
Adenine
Guanine
Thymine
Uric acid
Urea
64- one use for measure abnormality in kidney :
Creatinine
65- not romanowsky stain :
Gram stain
66-does not stimulate with slight hemolysis:
Cholesterol
67-one of them use for susceptible abnormality kidney:
Creatinin
68- in O+v person
No presence of Ag
No presence of Ab
69-one is stimulate on serum calcium level:
Prolonged application of tourniquet on arm
70-Eiosinphil is high in :
Parasitic infection and allergic reaction.


(3)

1.the infective stage of animal parasite
§ Toxoplasma gondii
2.the (u) unit used to evaluation of :
§ Protein in serum
§ Hemoglobin
§ Hormone assay
§ Enzymatic activity
3.the following is ingredient of culture medium:
§ Meat extract
§ Minral salts
§ Agar
§ Peptone
§ Non of the above
§ All of the above
4.a semen specimen, contain sugar source of the spermatozoa energy is:
§ Glucose
§ Mannose
§ Glactose
§ Fructose
§ Sucrose
5.CPD_A anticoagulant used to store  blood for:
§ 35 days
§ 45 days
§ 5 days
§ 15 days
§ Non of the above
6During reaction of two chemical substances , the color produced asses by
§ Spectrophotometer
§ Flame photometer
7.glycolysis done in :
§ Nucleus
§ Endoplasmic reticulum
§ Mitochondrion
§ Cytoplasm
§ Non of the above
8.one of the above not present in Diabetic mellitus coma : 
§ Hyperglycemia
§ Hypercholesterolemia
§ High number of ketene in urine
§ Non of the above
9.in which substance   give blood glucose when hydrolysis :
§ Muscle glycogen
§ Liver glycogen
§ Heart glycogen
§ Unsaturated fat
§ Triglyceride  
10.in Anti human globulin test do wash of RBC because all serum contain :
§ Albumin
§ a_glubulin
§ b_ globulin
§ fibrinogen
§ Immunoglobulin
11. the most source of ATP in cell  is :
§ Mitochondria
§ Cytoplasm
§ Nucleus
§ Cell wall
12 . H Ag present in :
§ Pilli
§ Capsule
§ Flagella
§ Cell membrane
13. urea is final product of catabolism of:
§ amino acid
§ triglyceride
§ cholesterol
§ polysaccharide
14.Which  of White  blood cell give immunoglobulin :
§ lymphocyte
§ Neutrophil
§ Basophile
§ Monocyte
§ Eosinophil
15.Blood of Microfilaria infection diagnosis with :
§  Wuchereia bancofti
16.one of the immunoglobulin present in trace amount in serum :
§ IgG
§ IgE
§ IgM
§ IgD
§ IgA
17.gram _ve bacteria colonies  color  appear :
§ Dark purple
§ Pale to dark red
§ Orange
18. alkali burn treatment by neutralization with :
§ Sodium bicarbonate powder
§ Boric acid
§ Acetic Acid
§ Cold water
§ Hot water
19.reason of false positive ABO in compatibility:
§ Cold agglutination
20. selective and Differential medium of entero pathogen is: 
§ Chocolate agar
§ Blood agar
§ DCA medium
§ Meat extract agar
§ Non of the above
21.in O blood group  the Ab in serum is :
§ Anti A1B
§ Anti A
§ Anti B
§ Non of the above
§ All of the above
22.Neutrophil is acommn White blood cell present in blood and the percentage of presence is :
§ 90%
§ 15%
§ 75%
23.The leukocyte that involve in Adaptive and Acquired immunity
§ Lymphocyte
§ Monocyte
§ Neutrophil
§ Basophil
§ Eosinophil
24. one of these is prokaryotic cell:
§ Fungi
§ Bacteria
§ Entameba histolytica
§  All of the above
§ Non of the above
25.Most sever (serious) malaria infection caused by:
§ Plasmodium faliceparm
§  Plasmodium Malaria
§ Plasmodium Ovale
§ Plasmodium Vivax
§  All of the above
26.To  detect pH from solution use :
§ pH meter
§ Indicator
§ Micrometer
27. one of these organism multiply intracellular parasite:  
§ Gardia lamblia
§ Entameba histolytica
§ E. coli
§ Tryponosoma Cruzi
§ Toxoplasma gondii
28.gram-ve rod non motile :
§ Salmonella
§ Yersini pestis
§ Shigella species
§ Vibrio cholerae
29. Leukocyte responsible for cellular immunity:
§ T_ lymphocyte
§ B- lymphocyte
§ Monocyte
§  Basophile
§ Eosinophil
30.one of these org gram +ve cocci arranged in pairs :
§ Staphylococci
§ Streptococci
§ Meningococci
§ entrococci
31. One is not a Romanowsky stain
§ Fields stain
§ Gram stain
§ Geimsa stain
§  Leishman stain
32. Hydrolysis of sucrose result:
§ Only glucose
§  Galactose
§  Fructose + glucose
§ Glucose + Glucose
§ Maltose + Glucose
32.method used to detect horomone in the laboratory :
§ ELIZA
33. one of the following has highest conc. Of cholesterol:
§ Chylomicron
§ LDL
§ HDL
§ VLDL
§ Apolipoprtein
34. oxytocine hormone function :
§ Increase Oogenesis
§ Stimulate contraction of uterus
§  Increase basal metabolic
35. Iodine stain of Entamoeba cyst used to detect (diagnose):
§ Chromatoidal bars
§ Cell wall
§ Nuclei
36. function of Cortisol :
§ Increase Oogenesis
§ Stimulate contraction of uterus
§  Increase basal metabolic
37.infective stage of Ascaris lumbricodes :
§ Larva
§ Cercaria
§ Egg
§  Cyst
§  Metacercaria
38.substance used in catalyse reaction :
H2O2
39. Normal range of erythrocyte
 - 4,5- 6,5X 10^9
40.one of these leukocyte have 2_5 lobes in nucleus :
§ Neutrophil
§ Basophil
§ Monocyte
§ Lymphocyte
§ Eosinophil
41. one of these cell the largest leukocyte cell:
§ Neutrophil
§ Basophil
§ Monocyte
§ Lymphocyte
§ Eosinophil
42.Alkline phosphates is the important enzyme to detect function in :
§ Liver
§ Bone
§ Liver and bone
§ Non of the above
43.one of the following anticoagulant used  for blood glucose :
§ EDTA
§ Heparin
§ Sodium oxalate
§ Florida Oxalate
§ Sodium citrate
44.AST important enzyme to detect abnormality  in:
§ Liver disease
§ Heart disease
§ Liver and heart disease
§ Non of the above
45. the defect of thalassemia occur in:
§ Cycle of heme
§ Glubin chain
46 this Symbol means, when you see in laboratory :
§ acute flammable
§ Toxic
§ Corrosive
§ Explosive












                        
(4)
Choose the correct answer:

(1) the best anti coagulant in blood culture is
*sodium oxalate
*sodium citrates
*
sodium sulphate
(2) all the following samples are stained using gram stain except?

*water culture
*sputum
*stool
(3) the percentage of sodium chloride in agar culture is?
*0.058%
*58.0%
*
0.58%
(4) agar is characterized by all the following except?

*freezing point is 42c & melting point is 100c
*nutritive
*un-nutritive
(5) the normal value of (Na) in serum is?
*135-145 mg/dl
*135-145 mmol/dl
*135-145 mmol/l
(6) gram stain starts with?
*iodine
*crystal green
*methyl violet /
(7) the causative of toxoplasma is?
*flees
*dogs
*cats
(8) gram negative samples are stained with?
*yellow color
*blue color
*red colonies
(9) the color of cholera when cultured on TCBS?
*blue
*green
*yellow
(10) the diameter of micro pore filter used in bacteria filtration is?
*0.033microns
*2.2microns
*.22microns
(11) leishmania is transported by?
*mosquitoes
*pugs
*sand fly
(12) to investigate one sample containing floro-carbon we use which microscope?
*light microscope
*brilliant microscope
*florescent microscope
(13) virus is similar to live organisms in?
*growth
*movement
*reproduction
(14) the largest resolution of the microscope is?
*0.02microns
*2.0microns
*0.2microns
(15) which of the following is liver function test?
*liver enzymes
*serum + urin billrubin
*all of the previous
(16) which of the following causing enlargement of RBCs?
*reticulocytes
*leishmania
*plasmodium
(17) the best sample for the culture of children paralysis virus is?
*anal swab
*blood culture
*stool culture
(18) dry air oven is used to sterilize?
*water
*culture media
*sand
(19) the diabetic patient is going to comma when blood glucose is?
*120 mg/dl
*160 mg/dl
*less than 50mg/dl
(20) to differentiate between the two streptococci group which enzyme is used?
*coagulase
*kinase
*catalase
(21) the microscope which used in investigate syphilis is?
*light microscope
*ultra-violet microscope
*dark field microscope
(22) the antibiotic disc which differentiate between group A streptococci and other groups is?
*neomycin
*tetracycline
*bacitracin
(23) all of the following is true for salmonella except?
*motile
*produces H2S
*oxidase positive
(24) amylase value is high in the following disease?
*salivary glands
*pancreas diseases
*all of the previous
(25) one jaundice patient has yellow skin, his billrubin is:
*2.5mg/dl
*1.2mg/dl
*5.0mg/dl
(26) acute diabetic patient has?
*blood sugar more than 150mg/dl
*blood sugar more than 180mg/dl
*glucose & acetone in urin
(27) the normal value of billrubin is?

*0.2-2.0mg/dl
*less than 2.0mg/dl
*less than 1.0mg/dl
(28) diabetic patient has one of the following symptoms?
*acidosis
*alkalosis
*dryness
(29) insulin is regulating blood sugar by?
*increase the influx of glucose into cells
*activate glycogensis
*all the previous
(30) the nutritive substance in culture media is?
*sugar
*starch
*agar
(31) the best media for urin culture is?
*blood agar
*chocolate agar
*cled agar
(32) the sterilization of autoclave is?
*85c for 30min
*150c for 30min
*121c for 15min
(33) shigella soni colored in maconkey & EMB?
*colorless
*red
*pink
(34) the oil emertion lens is
*10
*40
*100
(35) the dwarf worm is?
*schistosoma
*tenia saginata
*H.nana
(36) all of the following are present in gram stain except?
*safranine
*iodine
*malachite green
(37) the diagnostic stage of amoeba is?
*cyst
*trophozoite
*all previous
(38) to check the intestinal efficacy the following test is done?
*pepsin
*lipase
*stool fats
(39) the worm that causes blood in urin?
*ascaris
*fasciola
*schistosoma haematobium
(40) the significant count of bacteria to be inflammation is?
*less than 10^5
*more than 10^3
*more than 10^5
(41) to investigate gram stained samples we use the following microscope?
*double phase microscope
*florescent microscope
*light microscope
(42) the most important buffer system in blood is?
*acetic acid system
*hemoglobin system
*bicarbonates system
(43) all the following bacteria are interobacter except?
*E.coli
*proteus
*non of the previous
(44) in the microscope when using objective lens 10 & eye lens 10 thee magnification power of the microscope is?
*10
*1000
*100
(45) all the following parameters affecting gram staning except?

*use H2SO4
*add absolute alcohol after washing

*delaying the dryness of the slide

(46) glycogen is stored in?
*liver
*muscles
*all the previous
(47) malaria chizonts are present in?
*reticulo-endothelial
*leukocyte
*RBCs
(48) comma of diabetic patient shows?
*glucose grater than 200mg/dl
*glucose less than 200mg/dl
*glucose grater than 500mg/dl
(49) blood donor selection in KSA are all of the following except?
*Hb% 12.5-16
*free from syphilis
*one year after delivery
(50) solidifying agent in culture media is?
*wax
*starch
*agar
(51) agar which used as a solidifying agent in culture media concentration is?
*5-9%
*4-9%
*1-2%


(52) to sterilize culture media we use?
*boiling
*hot oven
*autoclave
(53) bone matrix can also called?
*vascular tissue
*fibrous tissue
*osteon
(54) unidirectional movement of WBCs directly to its target is?
*sliding
*phagocytes
*chemo taxis
(55) when focusing a stained smear under oil immersion field the magnification is?
*10
*40
*100
(56) in myocardial infection?
*level of LHD high
*level of GOT high
*level of CK-MB high
(57) variation in RBCs size?
*microcytosis
*macrocytosis
*aniso cytosis
(58) pretranfusion test that is performed using the patient red cells and donor plasma?
*Anti body screen
*major x-matching
*minor x-matching
(59) serum LDH is elevated in all the following except?
*skeletal disease
*cardiac/ hepatic diseases
*renal disease
(60) elevated sodium &chloride is seen in?
*shock
*diabetic acidosis
*severe dehydration
(61) which test is better to diagnose chronic bile duct?
*total bilirubin
*S-GOT
*ALP
(62) generally diagnosed by recovery & identification of typical larva in stool?

*hook worms
*t.trichura
*s.stercoralis
(63) enlarged RBCs are common in?
*p.malaria
*p.falciparum
*p.vivax
(64) which of the following is not laying eggs in small intestine?
*hook worm
*t.saginata
*pin worm
(65) blood sample is used to diagnose?
*C.tetani
*C.diphteria
*non from them
(66) how much water should we add to 500ml of a solution of 10% of NAOH to bring it to 7.5%?
*666
*250
*166
(67) while using the pregnancy test we are measuring?
*total HCG
*beta HCG &LH
*beta HCG
(68) with age the renal threshold for glucose?
*increase
*decrease
*does not change
(69) calibrator sera are?
*secondary standards
*internal standards
*primary standards
(70) a buffer made of?
*a strong acid + a strong salt
*a weak acid + a weak salt

*a weak acid + a strong salt

(71) a standard micro plates in ELISA test has?
*98 wells
*94 wells
*96 wells
(72) the enzyme in ELISA testing is present in the?
*buffer
*micro plate
*conjugate
(73) antigen antibody complex are?

*weakly bound
*no bounds
*strongly bound
(74) washing must be done in all heterogeneous ELISA technique because?
*increase the specificity
*increase the sensitivity
*it removes the excess binding
(75) the label in ELISA tests is?
*radio active substance
*antibody
*enzym
(76) the difference between plasma & serum is that plasma?
*does not contain fibrinogen
*has more water
*contains fibrinogen
(77) five ml of colored solution has an absorbance of .500nm
The absorbance of 10ml of the same solution is?

*1.000nm
*0.250nm
*0.500nm
(78) plasma or serum should be separated at the earliest time for estimation of glucose because?
*glucose value increases with time
*lyses of blood will occur
*glucose value decreases with time
(79) sensitivity & specify are?
*directly related
*they mean the same
*non of above
(80) a dichromatic analysis is carried to increase?
*linearity
*specify
*sensitivity
(81) causes of high serum bilirubin are?
*overload on liver
*haemolysis

*all of the previous

(82) polio myeletis is transmitted through?
*skin
*respiration
*feco-oral
(83) malaria does not grow in?
*EDTA blood
*heparin zed blood
*plasma
(84) serious that causes food poisoning?
*staph albus
*salmonella typhi
*salmonella enteritidis
(85) hemophilia man married to normal woman the incidence of his children is?
*carrier male
*diseased female
*carrier female
(86) which of the following causes UTI & INDOL positive?
*klebsiella
*staphylococci
*E.coli
(87) blood transfusion can transmit
?
*HIV
*CMV
*all of the previous
(88) ADH is secreted from?
*thyroid gland
*anterior pituitary
*posterior pituitary
(89) one of the following enzymes is effected by hemolysis?
*SGOT
*SGPT
*LDH
(90) HbA1C of diabetic patient is important for?
*he has to come fasting
*short term follow up
*long term follow up
(91) for glucose tolerance test?
*collect 5 blood samples only
*collect 5 urin samples only
*collect 5 blood samples + 5 urin samples
(92) one of the following heart enzymes is measured after 4-8hr of chest pain?
*GOT
*LDH
*CPK
(93) light effects one of the following?
*glucose
*urea
*billrubin
(94) one of the following is specific diagnostic liver enzyme?
*GOT
*LDH
*GPT
(95) one of the following is important before anesthesia?
*alkaline phosphates
*acidic phosphates
*pseudocholine esterase
(96) acid phosphates is?
*heart enzyme
*liver enzyme
*prostatic enzyme
(97) In uric acid estimation?
*its affected by carbohydrate meal
*no need for fasting
*the patient has to come fasting
(98) all of the following are affected by meal except?
*glucose
*albumin
*creatininine
(99) Na is the main?
*intra cellular anion
*intra cellular cation
*extra cellular cation
(100) one of the following electrolytes is effected by hemolisis?
*Ca
*Mg
*k
(101) the best kidney function test?
*urea
*total protein
*creatinine clearance
(102) for GGT in adults the dose of glucose is?
*50gram
*100gram
*75gram
(103) for GGT in children the dose of glucose is?
*30mg
*15gram
*30gram
(104) random blood glucose gives an idea?
*to justify blood glucose
*fasting patient
*blood glucose in urgent cases
(105) immunoglobulin is?
*B globulin
*Alfa globulin
*Gamma globulin
(106) exogenous triglecride is carried on?
*VLDL
*HDL
*chylomicron
(107) endogenous triglecride is carried on?
*LDL
*HDL
*VLDL
(108) harmful cholesterol is carried on?
*HDL
*VLDL
*LDL
(109) useful cholesterol is carried on?
*chylomicron
*LDL
*HDL
(110) for lipid investigation patient has to fast?
*4-6hr
*6-8hr
*12-14hr
(111) to measure G6PD we use?
*plasma
*serum
*whole blood on EDTA
(112) amoeba moves by?
*cilia
*flagella
*pseudopodia
(113) one of the following is capsulated bacteria?
*streptococci
*E.coli
*klebsiella



(5)

SAUDIA LICENSE EXAMINATION FOR HEALTH SPECIALIST


STRONG UREASE PRODUCERS  è(PROTEUS SPECIES

SELECTIVE AND DIFFERENTIAL MEDIUM FOR  :-

ENTEROBACTER  èDCA (DEOXYCHOLATE CITRATE AGAR )

WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THYROXINE (T4)    ?  ANSWER : IT IS USED IN METABOLISM

CHOCOLATE AGAR  è ( CAP) IS BEST FOR HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE (THAYER MARTIN- FOR NISSERIA GONORRHOEA)

PROLACTIN IS PRODUCED BY  è  ( ANTERIOR PITUTARY GLAND)

TARGET ORGAN OF PROLACTIN è  (MAMARY GLAND)

ESTROGEN IS PRODUCED BYè ( OVARY)

CAUSES OF CONJUCTIVITIS TRACHOMA/ CAUSATIVE AGENT  ( CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS)

IDENTIFICATION OF ENTEROBIUS VERMICULARIS   è   (RECOVERY OF EGGS IN PERIANAL SKIN )

ICAUSESWHOPPING COUGH       è            ( BORDETELA PERTUSIS) (BORDER GONGOUR MEDIUM)        

ALBERT STAIN IS GOOD FOR           è           ( CORYENBACTERIUM DIPHTERIA

ALKALI BURNS                                   è           ( WASH WITH 10 % CONC. ACETIC ACID )

AN INDICATOR MEANS                       è           ( CHANGES OF COLOUR / PH RANGE )


WHEN IT BECOMES RED                    è            ( ACIDIC )

WHEN IT BECOMES BLUE                  è           (ALKALINE )

GRAM + BACTERIA ON GRAM STAIN              ( COLOURED DARK PURPLE)
IODINE STAIN FOR ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA  è   ( FOR IDENTIFICATION OF CHROMATOIDAL  BODIES)
MEDIUM FOR MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS TB (LOWENSTEIN JENSEN MEDIUM LJ
  
SLIGHT HAEMOLYSIS CAUSE                ( INCREASED K LEVEL
VISCERAL LEISHMANYIASIS CAUSED BY (LEISHMANYA DONOVANI ) KALA ZAR
PTT DETECTS (INTRINSIC FACTOR ABNORMALTIES).
PROTHROMBINE TIME DETECTS (EXTRINSIC FACTOR ABNORMALTIES )
FOUND IN  HYPERGLYCEMIC COMA (KETONES IN URINE ).
 CITRATE TEST DIFFERENTIATES ( GRAM NEGATIVE ENTEROBACTERIACEAE).
EXAMPLE SALMONELLA IS CITRATE +
INDIRECT ANTIGLOBULIN TEST (IDAT) -à
DETECT ANTIBODY/ ANTIBODY SCREENING OF SENSITIZING PATIENT'S Rbcs
INTERMEDIATE HOST OF LEISHMANYA SPECIES-
-à PHLEBOTOMUS SAND FLY
INTERMEDIATE HOST OF TRYPANOSOMA àTSE TSE FLy
IDENTIFICATION OF MALARIAL PARASITES & Rbcs MORPHOLOGY à  THIN SMEAR.
RH NEGATIVE PATIENTS à HAS NO D ANTIGEN .
STORAGE FORM OF GLUCOSE à GLYCOGEN.
PREVENT ATHEROSCLEROSIS à HDL CHOLESTEROL.
ALBERT STAIN  à BEST FOR CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTERIAE.
BEST FOR STERILIZING MEDIA à AUTOCLAVE
OXIDASE +  à PSEUDOMONAS AEROGINOSA
                                                 FUNCTION OF CORTISOL àmetabolsim  
BEST FIXATIVE FOR BLOOD FILM à ETHYL ALCOHOL
BEST FIXATIVE FOR THIN SMEAR à ETHYL ALCOHOL
CAUSES ORIENTAL SCAR à LEISHMANYA(CUTANEOUS)
NORMAL Rbcs COUNT FOR MALE 4.5  -  6.5
NORMAL GLUCOSE LEVEL à 70  -  140 (RANDOM )
H ANTIGEN à FLAGELLAR ANTIGEN
CAUSES SCARLET FEVER à STREPTOCOCCUS PYOGENE
CAUSES SCALDED SKIN SYNDROME à STAPH AUREUS
ZIEHL NELSON  STAIN IS USED FOR  à MYCOBACTERIUM  SP.
CELLULAR / CELL IMMUNITY  à T-LYMPHOCYTE/LYMPHOCYTES
MONOCYTE à ALSO MACROPHAGE
OPTOCHIN TEST IS USED TO  à DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN  STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIA + FROM VIRIDANS SPECIES OPTOCHIN
CHINESE LETTER LIKE BACTERIA  à CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTERIAE
AST/SGOT à BEST FOR DIAGNOSING BOTH  LIVER
DAMAGE & MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
ALT/SGPT à INCREASE ONLY IN LIVER DAMAGE, NOT IN MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION ( MI )


MCQS ( MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
Which of the following culture  media is suitable for semi quantitative bacterial count in urine samples
a-Mc Conkey agar
b- Blood agar
c-XLD medium
d-Mannitol salt agar
e-CLED medium
The following organisms are lactose fomenters except
a-E. coli
b-Enterobacter cloacae
c-Shigella sonnei
d-Proteus spp.
Bacteriological media can be sterilized in :-
a-Oven
b-Filtration
c-Autoclave
                                                                                                               d-Bunsen burner
All of the following are true except :-
                                                                                                                   a-Agar is inert
b-Nutritious
c-Solidity at 42c
d-Melts at 100c
Primary stain of Gram stain :-
a-Crystal violet
b-Iodine
c-Safranine
The following are used in Gram staining except:-
a-Crystal violet
b-Iodine
c-Safranine
d-Malachite green
Growth of vibrio cholerae on TCBS medium produces colonies :-
a-Yellow colonies
b-Blue colonies
c-Green colonies
d-White colonies
e-Red colonies
On  EMB /Mc Conkey agar the Salmonella/Shigella give small colonies , which colour of the following appear
a-Black
b-Pink
c-Yellow
d-Brown
e-Colorless
f-Yellow-brown
Which color do Gram negative appear:-
a-Blue
b-Green
c-Yellow
d-Red
All is true about Enterobacteriaceae except :-
a-They are …… hemolytic and sorbitol
b-Ferments Mannitol
c-grow in Methylene blue medium
d-Inhibited growth with 6.5 % NaCl and/or  at temperature
                                                                                                                                  60 %
               Which of the following is sterilized in the oven :
a-Media
b-Sand
c-Water
d-Blood
e-All of the above
All  are component of Gram stain procedure except :-
a-Safranine
b-Malachite green
c-Iodine
d-Crystal violet
All are lactose fomenters except :-
a-E.coli
b-Enterobacter cloaceae
c-Proteus spp.
d-Shigella
All are true of campylobacter jejuni or
Which of the following statements about campylobacter
Is false:-
a-Gram negative curved bacilli
b-Slow growth
c-Grow on XLD medium
d-Arranged in pairs
A parasite which does not deposit eggs in the intestine
a- E. vermicularis
b-A. duodenale
c-A. lumbricoides
d-T.saginata
e-T. spiralis
Specimens from a polio victim for culture can be best made on :-
a-Blood
b-Urine
c-Feces
d-CSF
e- Throat / Nasal washing
The best anticoagulant for blood culture specimen is:-
a-Heparin
b-EDTA
c-Oxalate
d-SPS
e-ACD
The vector for leishmanya infection is :-
                                                                                                                        a-Tsetse fly
b-Sand fly
c-Housefly
d-Anopheles mosquito
e-Reduvid bugs

Beta hemolysis is enhanced when group B Streptococci is streaked at an angle in blood agar plate with :
a-Streptococci
b-Staph aureus
c-Micrococcus
d-Streptococcus epiedermidis
e-Corynebacterim diphteriae
All statements are true about proteus mirabilis and Proteus vulgaris except :-
Oxidase negative & liquefies gelatin
a-Exhibits swarming on BAP and Mc Conkey's agar
b-Urease positive
c-KCN and N2S positive
d-Positive to INDOLE test
To obtain an isotonic media, sodium chloride content should be :-
a- 0.85 g %
b-0.085 g%
c- 8.5    g%
d- 6.5  g%
e- 0.50g
All is true about Salmonella organism except:-
a- The main reservoir is human
b-Contains O and H antigen
c-Urease , KCN and phenylalanine (negative )
d-H2s positive with gas
e-INDOLE +
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is called acid-fast because :-
a-It is easily stained by Gram stain
b-Once stained , it can not be remove by acid
c-It is easily decolorizes after staining.
d-It is very easy to stain
e-It is stained by an alkaline stain
f-None of the above
g-All of the above
Group B Beta-hemolytic streptococci are differentiated by other streptococcus groups by using :-
a-Optochin
b-Neufeld Quelling reaction.
c-Niacin test
d-Catalase test.
e-Bacitracin sensitivity disc
Most of pathogenic strains of streptococcus belongs to group :-
a-Viridans
b-Beta-hemolytic
c-Alpha-hemolytic
d-Group D
 e-Micrococcaciae
Bacterial sterilization of serum can be accomplished by the filtration using a porosity of : -
a- 0.22   u
b- 0.80   u
c- 0.60   u
d- 4.0     u
f-  5.0     u

                                                                                                                        
SELECT THE LETTER OF THE BEST ANSWER
The trophozoite , which contains red blood cells in the cytoplasm , brings to this parasite:-
a-Entamoeba histolytica
b-Entamoeba gingivalis
c-Entamoeba coli
d-Iodamoeba butschlii
e-None of the above
sterilization by the autoclave is best accomplished at
a -1oo c/ 30 minute
b-100c/10 minute
c-200c/30 minute
d-121c/30 minute
e-121c/10 minute 
The causative parasite of Egyptian Bilharisiasis
a-Trichomonas Vaginalis
b-Schitosoma haematobium
c-Schitosoma  japonicum
d-Schitosoma  mansoni
e-All of the above   
On EMB and Mc Conkey's agar , the colour of the colonies of Shigella – Salmonella is  :
a-Black
b-Green
c-Pink
d-Yellow
e-Colourless
The IMVIC Reaction of E. coli is
a/ + + - -
b/ - - + +
C/+ + + -
d/+ - + -
Dwarf  Tapeworm is known as :-
a-Tania saginata
b-Taenia solium
c-Hymenolepis nana
d-Diphilidium caninum
                                                                                               e-Echinococcus granulosus
                           The solidifying content of the culture media Is
a-Wax
b-Litmus milk
c-Peptone broth
d-Agar
e-Meat Extract
Micro-organisms that grow at 60 c are classified as :-
a-Psychrophilic
b-Mesophilic
c-Halophilic
d-Thermophilic
e-Saprophilic
         A diagnostic finding for Giardia lamblia in stool  :-
a-Cyst in stool
b-Cyst and trophozoite in stool
c-Characteristic ova
d-Trophozoite in stool
e-All of the abov
Which of the following is an enrichment medium :-
a-CLED
b-BAP
c-MAC
d-Thiocyanate broth
e-Chocolate agar

Which of the following indicates a blood agar plate?
a-Corynebacterium diphteriae
b-Mycobacterium tuberculosis
c-Bordetella pertusis
d-Francisella tularensis
e-None of the above
All are member of the family Enterobacteriaceae except :-
a-Klebsiella pneumonia
b-Yersinia pestis
c-Pseudomonas aeroginosa
d-Shigella dysentriae
e-Campylobacter jejuni
A specific test for staphylococcus aureus is
a-Catalase test
b-Coagulase test
c-Optochin sensitivity test
d-Bacitracin sensitivity test
e-CAMP test
The concentration of agar in the culture medium is 
a- 10  -  11 %
b- 20         %
c- 50        %
d-60       %
e- 1-2   %
Best for identification of parasite if you can not see it in stool ( Negative in stool )
 Concentration Technique
Identification of fertilized eggs in feces
 Ascaris    Lumbricoides  
Causes false negative ABO incomparability/ cross matching :-
a- Deteriorated reagent
                                                                                   b-Not putting antisera c-Under incubation      
False positive ABO incompatibility/cross matching     
 COLD AGGLUTININ      
WHY DO WE HAVE TO WASH RED BLOOD CELLS 

 IN CROSS MATCHING

TO REMOVE AN EXCESS ANTIBODY PRESENT IN THE SAMPLE
IVY METHOD OF BLEEDING TIME
 FOR VASCULAR AND PLATELETS ABNORMALITIES(FUNCTION )
IDENTIFICATION OF LEISHMANYA PARASITE
   LYMPH NODE ASPIRATE.
KLEBSIELLA PNEUMONIA 
 CAPSULATED
NEUTROPHIL 
   MOST ABUNDANT IN WBCs
HbA
 ( ADULT HAEMOGLOBIN ) FOR ADULT, DOMINANT IN ADUL
HbF
( Infant heamoglobin)    FETAL HAEMO
NEUTROPHIL
   FIRSTLY INCREASED IN BACTERIAL INFECTIONS
PROLONGED APPLICATION OF TOURNIQUET
VENOUS STASIS  à INCREASED CALCIUM LEVEL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              WHAT IS THE MEANING OF THIS SIGHN
HIGHLY FLMMABLE
SOME ORGANISMS ARE TO SAID TO BE PATHOGENIC IF THEY ARE CONTAINING THE FOLLOWING FEATURES :-
A- COAGULASE
B-CATALASE
C-SUGAR
                                                                                                               D-ANTIBODIES
STERILIZATION IS BEST DONE BY  
121C   15 PSI FOR 15-20 MINUTES
MOST COMMON PATHOGENIC STREPTOCOCCI
A- GROUP A
B- BETA-HAEMOLYTIC
C-ALPHA-HAEMOLYTIC
                                                                                                                     D-GROUP B
BORDET GENGOU MEDIUM IS BEST FOR
BORDETELLA RETUSIS  A-
B-MORAXELLA CATARRHALIS
C-HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE
ORGANISM SOLUBLE IN BILE  :-
A-STAPH
B-STREPTOCOCCI
C-PNEUMOCOCCI
( STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIA )
D-HAEMOPHILOUS INFLUENZAE
BEST TIME FOR COLLECTION OF BLOOD FOR MALARIA :-
A-BEFORE AND AFTER PAROXSYM
B-SHORTLY AFTER PAROXSYM
C-LATER PAROXSYM
D-JUST BEFORE PAROXSYM
ELEVATED SERUM CORTISOL MAY INDICATE
CUSHING SYNDROME
SUGAR CAN NOT BE DETECTED IN URINE USING COPPER REDUCTION TEST 
A-FRUCTOSE
B-GALACTOSE
C-ARABINOSE
D-SUCROSE
WAVE LENGTH VISIBLE TO NAKED EYE
 400-700 nm.
ORGANISM THAT EXHIBITS SATELLITISM ALONG WITH STAPH AUREUS  :-
A-HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE
B-SHIGELLA SP.
C-CLOSTIRIDIUM SP.
D-S. PNEUMONIAE   
ANTIBODY FOUND IN BLOOD GROUP AB INDIVIDUALS  :
A- ANTI-A
B-ANTI-AB
C-ANTI-B
                                                                                                                              D-NON
EGYPTIAN HAEMATURIA IS CAUSED BY :-
A-SCHITOSOMA JAPONICUM
B-SCHITOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM
C-SCHITOSOMA MANSONi
SIGNIFICANT BACTERIURIA  :-
>  TEN TO THE POWER OF FIVE  CFU/ ML
TEST USED TO DIAGNOSE OBSTRUCTIVE BILE DUCT
A-BILIRUBIN
B-BILIVERDIN
C-UROBILINOGEN
D-NONE OF THE ABOVE

TO DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN NISSERIA GONORRHOEA & NISSERIA MENINGITIDIS
A-DEXTROSE +  LACTOSE
B-DEXTROSE +  MALTOSE
IN EMB & Mc CONKEY , SALMONELLA & SHIGELLA  GIVE THE COLOUR OF THE FOLLOWING :-
A-PINK
B-GREEN
C-COLOURLESS
D-REd
THAYER-MARTIN MEDIA IS THE CHOICE FOR THE ISOLATION OF THE FOLLOWING ORGANISM : -
A-PSEUDOMONAS AEROGINOSA
B-HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE
C-NISSERIA GONORRHOEA
CONFIRMATORY TEST FOR STREPT. PNEUMONIAE  :-
A-OPTOCHIN SENSITIVITY DISC
B-BACITRACIN DISC SENSITIVITY
C-BILE SOLUBILITY
D-CATALASE TEST
IN FOLIC ACID DEFICIENCY WHAT HAPPENS TO Rbcs  :-
 A-ENLARGED Rbcs   ( MEGALOBLASTIC ANAEMIA )
B-CRENATED Rbcs
C-HAEMOLYZED Rbcs
IN IRON DEFICIENCY ANAEMIA  :             
 Rbcs ARE SMALLER THAN NORMAL = MICROCYTIC
                                                                                                               HYPOCHROMIC ANAEMIA                                                                                     
SPECIMEN SUITABLE FOR MICROFILARIAE
A-TISSUE
B-BLOOD
C-FLUID  
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ORGANISMS IS AN  ANAEROBIC BACTERIUM  :-
 A-CLOSTIRIDIUM  SPP.
                                                                                                              B-HAEMOPHILUS
C-E.  COLI
D-YERSINIA  ENTEROCOLITICA
  Ig ( IMMUNOGLOBULIN ) INCREASED IN CASE OF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           PARASITIC INFECTION & ALLERG
A- IgG
B-IgA
C-IgM
D-IgE
THE INFECTIVE STAGE OF ANCYLOSTOMA  DUODENALE IS  :-
A-EGGS IN STOOL
B-LARVA IN STOOL
C-LARVA IN TISSUE
D-CYSTICERCOUS BOVIS
NUITRIENT AGAR IS  :-
A-SELECTIVE MEDIA
B-DIFFERENTIAL MEDIA
C-SPECIAL MEDIA
D-BASIC medium
PURPOSE OF STANDARD DEVIATION  :
A-TO MEASURE EXTERNAL QUALITY CONTROL
B-TO MEASURE INTERNAL QUALITY CONTROL
C-PRECISE & ACCURACY
D-BOTH A & B
THE FOLLOWING ORGANISMS ARE ENCPSULATED EXCEPT  :-
A-PSEUDOMONAS AEROGINOSA
B-E. COLI
C-HAEMOPHILOUS INFLUENZAE
D-STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS PROTECTED FROM LIGHT :-
A-BILIRUBIN
B-CHOLESTEROL
C-TOTAL PROTEIN (TP.)
D-BUN ( BLOOD UREA NITROGEN )
TO DIFFERENTIATE ANTI i FROM ANTI I 
A-A1 CELLS
B-A2 CELLS
C-CORD CELLS
D-NONE OF THE ABOVE
WHAT PRACTICAL CARDIOLIPIN IS APPLICABLE IN LABORATORY WORK ?
A-FTA
B-VDRL & RPR
C-RPR ONLY
D-VDRL ONLY
Vi Ag IS SEEN IN  :-
A-CAPSULE
B-PILI
C-SPORE
D-FLAGELLA
INFECTIVE STAGE OF ASCARIS  :-
A-FERTILIZED EGG
B –RHABDITIFORM  LARVA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 C-LARV
A-IgM (HEAVIER  ) 1St
B-IgA
C-IgE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            D-I
ALL OF THE FOLLOWING CAN ASSES THE LIVER FUNCTION EXCEPT :-
A-AST
B-ALT
C-ALP
D-CREATININE
SUBSTANCE PRESENT IN ANY AGAR PLATE THAT PROMOTES THE BACTERIAL GROWTH  :-
A-WATER ( H2O )
B-NITROGEN
C-MINERALS
C-O2
ORGANISMS PRODUCE GAS GANGRENE  :-
A-BACILLUS ANTHRACIS
B-CLOSTIRIDIUM PERFRINGENS
C-STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUONIAE
D-HAEMOPHILOS INFLUENZAE
PURINE ASSOCIATED WITH
A-ADENINE
B-GUANINE
C-URIC ACID
D-RNA
Ig CAN CAUSE HDN   :-
A-IgM
B-IgA
C-IgE
D-IgG
Ig NOT PART OF ACQUIRED IMMUNITY  :-
A-IgM
B-IgA
C-IgE
D-IgG
PROTOZOA THAT IS NOT MOTILE
A-ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA
B-E. COLI
C-GARDIA LAMBLIA
D-TRYPANOSOA CRUZI
ALL CELLS ARE NUCLEATED EXCEPT  :-
A-LYMPH
B-MONOCYTES
C-RBCS
D-NEUTROPHIL
THE INTERMEDIATE HOST OF TOXOPLASMA IS   :-
A-DOG
B-CAT
C-MOUSE
D-ALL
E-NONE
CROSS-MATCHIN
DONOUR CELLS +PATIENT SERU
VIRUSES RESEMBLE LIVING THINGS IN THAT THEY   :-
A-ARE MOTILE
B-ARE CRYSTALLINE
C-GROW
D-REPRODUCE
ALL ARE TRUE ABOUT ENTEROCOCCI EXCEPT :-
A-HAVE CARBOHYDRATE ANTIGEN OF GROUP D STREPTOCOCCI
B-POSITIVE AESCULIN HYDROLYSIS
C-GROW IN THE PRESCENCE OF BILE SALTS
D-DO NOT GROW IN THE PRESCENCE OF 6.5 % NACL NOR AT 45 C
THE DETERMINATION OF ASO TITRE IS USED IN THE LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS OF :-
A-TOXIC SHOCK SYNDROME
B-SCARLET FEVER
C-STREPTOCOCCAL  PHARYNGITIS AND  CELLULITIS
E-RHEUMATIC FEVER
SIGNIFICANT BACTERURIA , PURIA , AND ALKALINE URINE PROBABLY INDICATE URINARY TRACT INFECTION DUE TO::
A-STAPHYLOCOCCUS  EPIDERMIDIS
B-E. COLI
C-PROTEUS VULGARIS
D-PSEUDOMONAS AERGINOSA
E-ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS
THE ONLY ENRICHMENT MEDIUM OF THE FOLLOWING IS :-
A-BLOOD AGAR
B-CHOCOLATE AGAR
C-CLED ( CYSTINE LACTOSE ELECTROLYTE DEFICIENT )
D-SELENITE-F-BROTH.
STREPTOCOCCI RESPONSIBLE FOR THE MAJORITY OF HUMAN INFECTIONS ARE :-
A-GROUP A
B-BETA-HAEMOLYTIC STREPTOCOCCI
C-BACITRACIN-S AND CAMP ( - )
D-ALL OF THESE
E-NONE OF THESE
TO DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN NISSERIA GONORRHOEA AND NISSERIA MENINGITIDIS  :
A-FERMENTATION OF DEXTROSE AND LACTOSE
B-FERMENTATION OF DEXTROSE AND MALTOSE
C-FERMENTATION OF MALTOSE AND LACTOSE
D-FERMENTATION OF MALTOSE AND SUCROSE
THE BEST SPECIMEN FOR RECOVERY OF POLIOMYELITIS VIRUS FOR CULTURE IS :-
A-CSF
B-BLOOD CLOT
C-THROAT SWAB
D-BUFFY COAT
E-STOOL
F-NONE OF THE ABOVE
G-ALL OF THE ABOVE
THE FINDING OF INGESTED RBCS IN A TROPHOZOITE IDENTIFIES  :-
A-ENTAMOEBA COLI
B-ENDOLIMAX NANA
C-ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA
D-IODAMOEBA BUTSCHLII
E-NONE OF THE ABOVE
F-ALL OF THE ABOVE
THE CHROMATOID BODIES RESEMBLE CIGAR-SHAPED OR SAUSAGE-SHAPED IN THE CYST OF  :-
A-ENTAMOEBA COLI
B-ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA
C-ENTAMOEBA GINGIVALIS
D-NONE OF THE ABOVE
THE MOST FAVOURABLE TIME TO FIND MALARIAL PARASITE IN BLOOD IS  :-
A-THE PERIOD JUST BEFORE OR AT THE BEGINNING OF A PAROXSYM
B-DURING THE LATE PAROXSYMAL STAGE
C-THE PERIOD JUST FOLLOWING PAROXSYM
D-ALL OF THE ABOVE
THE DIAGNOSTIC STAGE FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF GIARDIA LAMBLIA IN STOOL SAMPLE IS :-
A-CYST
B-TROPHOZOITE
C-CYST AND/ OR TROPHOZOITE
D-ALL OF THE ABOVE
E-NONE OF THE ABOVE
THE MALARIAL SPOROZOITE IN MAN INVADES:-
A-WHITE BLOOD CELLS
B-RBCS
C-RETICULO-ENDOTHELIAL CELLS
D-ALL OF THE ABOVE
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ENLARGES RBCS:
A-PLASMODIUM VIVAX
B-PLASMODIUM MALARIAE
C-PLASMODIUM FALCIPRUM
D-ALL OF THE ABOVE
MAN MAY ACQUIRE TOXOPLASMA FROM  :-
A-MICE
B-CATS
C-DOGS
D-PIGS
ALL LEISHMANYAL INFECTIONS ARE TRANSMITTED BY
A-TSE TSE FLY
B-SAND FLY
C-HOUSE FLY
D-HORSE FLY
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING NEITHER LAYS EGGS NOR DEPOSITES LARVAE IN THE INTESTINAL CANAL :-
A-HOOKWORMS
B-PINWORM
C-TRICHINELLA SPIRALIS
D-TRICHURIS TRICHURA
IDENTIFIED BY FINDING MAINLY THE RHABDITIFORM LARVAE IN IN FRESH STOOL  :-
A-ASCARIS LUMBRICOIDES
B-ENTROBIUS VERMICULARIS
C-STRONGYLOIDES STERCORALIS
D-TRICHINELLA SPIRALIS
THE RESOLUTION OF THE BRIGHT FIELD MICROSCOPE IS  :-
A-2.0 um
B-0.2 um
C-0.02um
D-0.002um
BACTERIOLOGICAL CULTURE MEDIA ARE GENERALLY STERILIZED USING   :-
A-THE AUTOCLAVE
B-THE OVEN
C-FILTERATION
D-BUNSEN BURNER
SERUM CAN BE STERILIZED USING MEMBRANE FILTER OF POROSITY  :-
A-0.22 um
B-2.3um
C-0.6 um
D-0.8 um
THE TEMPERATURE-TIME CYCLE WHEN USING THE AUTOCLAVE TO STERILIZE IS  :-
A-121 C FOR 15  -  20 MINUTES
B-112 C FOR 30  -  40 MINUTES
C-135 C FOR 25 -  40 MINUTES
D-100 C FOR15  - 35 MINUTES
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT CAMPYLOBACTER JEJUNI IS FALSE
A-GRAM NEGATIVE CURVED BACILLI
B-ARRANGED IN PAIRS ( SEE-GULL )
C-SLOW GROWTH
D-GROWS ON XLD MEDIUM
E-INCUBATION TEMPERATURE AT 42 C
DIRECT GRAM-STAINING IS ROUTINELY PERFORMED ON THE FOLLOWING SPECIMENS EXCEPT  :-
A-PUS
B-ASPIRATED FLUIDS AND DISHARGES
C-CSF
D-SPUTUM
E-URINE
F-STOOL
BLOOD CULTURE IS INDICATED IN THE FOLLOWING BACTERIAL DISEASES EXCEPT
A-MENINGITIS
B-ENDOCARDITIS
C-GASTROENTERITIS
D-PYELONEPHRITIS
E-PNEUMONIA
ALL ARE TRUE ABOUT BOTH PROTEUS MIRABILIS AND PROTEUS VULGARIS
A-SWARMING ON NUITRIENT AGAR
B-H2S POSITIVE
C-UREASE POSITIVE
D-INDOLE POSITIVE
WHEN USING A 10 X EYE PIECE AND A 10 X OBJECTIVE OF A BRIGHTFIELD MICROSCOPE , THE TOTAL MAGNIFICATION WILL BE :-
A-10
B-100
C-1000
D-10000
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MICROSCOPE WOULD YOU USE TO EXAMINE A SMEAR OF BACTERIA STAINED BY GRAM STAIN :-
A-BRIGHTFIELD MICROSCOPE
B-DARKFIELD MICROSCOPE
C-DISSECTING MICROSCOPE
E-FLUORESCENT MICROSCOPE
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WOULD YOU USE TO EXAMINE A SMEAR STAINED WITH A FLUOROCHROME
A-BRIGHTFIELD MICROSCOPE
B-DARK FIELD MICROSCOPE
C-POLARIZING MICROSCOPE
D-FLUORSCENT MICROSCOPE

QUELLUNG TEST IS POSITIVE WITH THE FOLLOWING ORGANISMS EXCEPT  :-
A-STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE
B-HAEMOPHILOUS INFLUENZAE
C-KLEBSIELLA PNEUMMONIAE
D-CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTERIAE
GROWTH OF VIBRIO CHOLERAE ON TCBS MEDIUM PRODUCES :-
A-BLUE COLONIES
B-YELLOW COLONIES
C-GREEN COLONIES
D-ORANGE COLONIES
E-WHITE COLONIES
THE FOLLOWING ORGANISMS ARE LACTOSE FERMENTERS EXCEPT  :-
A-E. COLI
B-ENTEROBACTER COLACAE
C-SHIGELLA SONNEI
D-PROTEUS SPP.
THE INVASIVENESS OF STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE IS DUE TO THE PRODUCTION OF  :-
A-HAEMOLSINS
B-ENDOTOXINS
C-EXTOTOXINS
D-POLYSACCHARIDE CAPSULE
THE FOLLOWING ARE MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY  ENTEROBACTERIACEAE EXCEPT  :-
A-KLEBSIELLA RHINOSCLEROMATIS
B-SERRATIA LIQUEFACIENS
C-PROVIDENCIA ALCALIFACIENS
D-YERSINIA PSEUDOTUBERCULOSIS
E-CAMPYLOBACTER FETUS
IN SIGNIFICANT BACTERIURIA THE CFU/ML IS  :-
A-MORE THAN TEN TO THE POWER OF FIVE
B-LESS THAN TEN TO THE POWER OF FIVE
C-MORE THAN TEN TO THE POWER OF THREE
D-LESSTHAN TEN TO THE POWER OF THREE
THE TEST USED TO DIFFERENTIATE PATHOGENIC STAPHYLOCOCCI IS
A-CATALASE
B-OXIDASE
C-COAGULASE
D-ASO TITRE
GROUP A STREPTOCOCCI ARE DIFFERENTIATED FROM OTHER BETA-HAEMOLYTIC STREPTOCOCCI BY :-
DISC CONTAINING :-
A-NEOMYCIN
B-OPTOCHIN
C-BACITRACIN
D-NOVOBIOCIN
FOR BLOOD CULTURE THE BEST ANTICOAGULANT IS
A-CITRATE
B-OXALATE
C-SODIUM POLYANESTHOL SULPHONATE
D-HEPARIN
THE ORGANISM WHICH SHOWS SATELLITISM AROUND STAPH AUREUS ON BLOOD AGAR IS
A-HAEMOPHILOUS INFLUENZAE
B-HAEMOPHILOUS DUCREYI
C-BORDETELLA PERTUSIS
D-MORAXELLA ACUNAT
THE IMVIC REACTION OF E. COLI ARE :-
A-  + + - -
B-  - - + +
C- + + + -
D- - - - +
BLOOD CULTURE MAY BE INDICATED FOR :-
A-CLOSTIRIDIUM TETANI
B-CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTERIAE
C-SGIGELLA DYSENTRIAE
D-MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS
E-NONE OF THESE

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

                                   




Best Wishes: Dr.Ehab Aboueladab, Tel:01007834123 Email:ehab10f@gmail.com,ehababoueladab@yahoo.com ehab fathy aboueladab
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